Costa Rica appears today as a pioneer in the use of Essential Survival Zones (ELSA) Methodology, even at the international level, with particular emphasis on adaptation to climate change.
The Ministry of Environment and Energy (Minae) stressed that Costa Rica is making progress in the development of national maps that identify the main areas to be protected, restored and / or managed sustainably in the territory.
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The above, he argued, to increase the resilience of people and nature to the threat of climate change to the basic ecosystem services of life and economic activities in the country. He revealed that this initiative belongs to the Mapping of Nature for People and the Planet project, as part of an alliance between Minae and the United Nations Development Program (UNDP).
The holder of this portfolio, Andrea Meza, said climate change is one of the biggest threats to Costa Rica’s life and economy. He stressed that the latest report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change is conclusive: “There are changes that are already irreversible and to which we must adapt. We have to tackle this problem on several fronts, and one of the main ones is nature itself. “
Ecosystems and Climate Change
Ecosystems can help us deal with climate change, knowing where we need to act and what to do is a big step for the country and it’s something we need to reflect in the new National Plan for Adaptation to Change. climate, said the minister.
During the presentation of the initiative, they pointed out that the ELSA identification methodology was developed by UNDP and the University of Northern British Columbia in Canada and has been implemented in Costa Rica under the leadership de Minae and the PRIAS laboratory of the National High Technology Center. .
In this regard, the UNDP Resident Representative in Costa Rica, José Vicente Troya, expressed his agency’s pleasure in supporting Costa Rica’s efforts with pioneering initiatives that contribute to resilience in the face of the climate crisis and the creation of conditions for storage. This geospatial analysis will help identify national priorities and actions to be taken to reduce losses and ensure ecosystem services such as water, said Troya.
The director of the National Geoenvironmental Information Center of Minae, Rafael Monge, clarified that this is the first time that the ELSA methodology has been used, even at the international level, within the framework of a specific focus on adaptation to change. climate.
Official data shows that repair and reconstruction costs due to weather events over the next five years could amount to up to 2.5% of this country’s gross domestic product.